According to the latest study that was published by the American scientific journal, the total amount of plastic waste that has been collected since 1950 from all over the world has reached 6.3 billion tons. Many people might be curious about the recycling efforts that Japan, as well as other countries, is doing with regards to plastic waste.
In an estimate that was published by the scientific journal called Science Advances, based on a study conducted by a group of researchers from University of Georgia, the total amount of plastic that was able to undergo recycling is only 9 per cent of the accumulated 6.3 billion tons. When the discovery of plastic made of petroleum started in the 1950s, its popularity was widespread. This is because of the fact that plastic manufacturing is simple and convenient at the same time. Process can make use of different kinds of materials to make plastic. The problem is that when different materials are combined in shredder for plastic recycling, the materials tend to weaken and it causes a number of technical issues when reused. This is the major reason why there is very little progress when it comes to plastic recycling.
In Japan, the plastic recycling is categorized into three – material, thermal and chemical. Material recycling makes it possible to reuse plastic. Plastic is burned in thermal recycling to be used as energy while chemical recycling obtains only the raw materials which are vital in other industries. Thermal recycling is essential in the process of creating solid fuel because recycled plastic is one of its ingredients. During the same process, the heat is also use to produce electricity or to power heated pools. In 2015, Japan has a recycling rate of 83 per cent in all of the three different categories.
While there is already shredder for plastic recycling, the process of recycling is not feasible for all plastic materials thus it is up to us humans to minimize the amount of plastic we use daily. It is also important to separate waste that can be recycled. Japan is the best example when it comes to recycling all over the globe.